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 About Garlic


“If your friends are bothered by your Garlic breath, get new friends”

  John Swenson


Types of Garlic


Hardneck Garlic

Also referred to as “Ophio” Garlic, it has evolved directly from wild Garlic.  This Garlic type produces a woody flower stalk called a “Scape” above the plant in late spring and a single circle of cloves around the central woody stalk.  Scapes are a culinary feast on their own and can be used in a variety of fresh or cooked dishes.  Hardneck Garlic is ideally suited for harsh winter growing climates and has a shorter storage life than the Softneck, sometimes being called “fresh-market or Gourmet Garlic.”  Hardneck cultivars include some of the world’s finest-tasting Garlic.


Softneck Garlic

This is the perfect Garlic for folks living in the South or areas of the country that have warmer climates and still want to produce a mellow, quality Garlic.  Softneck Garlic, of which there are 2 sub-species, silverskin and artichoke, matures quicker than Hardneck and produces smaller cloves per bulb.  This type of Garlic does not produce Scapes therefore, it is often braided prior to selling.  Softneck Garlic is also known for its excellent long-term storage capabilities.


Green Garlic

Green garlic” is a name given to Garlic plants that are picked immature or before bulb production.  Growing “Green Garlic” is an excellent use for some of your smaller cloves. it is mild but maintains that distinctive “garlicky taste.”  It can be used in a variety of dishes both raw and cooked and is even pickled!  


Elephant Garlic

Elephant Garlic is not true Garlic, it is a type Allium sativum, or Leek.  It produces very mild, large Garlic flavored cloves numbering four to six per bulb.  Bulbs can weigh up to one pound.  


Health Benefits


Much has been written on the therapeutic properties of Garlic.  I would like to share with you some of the more interesting things that I have read.  Not only is Garlic a food or flavoring agent, but it is also believed to be disease preventative, health preserving and health restoring.

For thousands of years, Garlic has been recommended as a treatment for wounds, ulcers, pneumonia, bronchitis, dyspepsia and gastrointestinal disorders.  Garlic bulbs have been found in Egyptian tombs.  Garlic has a distinctive odor as a result of organic sulfur compounds. Sulfur compounds are well-known antibacterial agents.  Crushed raw Garlic is said to be a powerful antibiotic.  Some clinical studies have shown that Garlic can have a cholesterol lowering effect.  Garlic has been used to treat elevated blood pressure since the early part of the twentieth century.  Numerous studies have affirmed its therapeutic effect in reducing high blood pressure.

 

Garlic powder and Garlic oil in dog food has been proven effective in eliminating filaria (a type of parasite) from the blood stream.  


Is Garlic a cure-all or magic remedy?  You can be the judge, but I think Garlic could be utilized as part of a healthy life style.



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